has an old & interesting history. In pre-historic days the plateau region
of the district has been the abode of aboriginals whose chief representatives
now are the Bhars, the Cheers and the Oraons . According to some legends the
Kherwars were the original settlers in the hilly tracts near Rohtas.The Oraons
also claim that they ruled over the area between Rohtas and Patna. The local legend
also connects king Sahasrabahu with Sasaram, the headquarter of Rohtas district.
It is believed that Sahasrabahu had terrible fight with Saint Parsuram, the legendary
Brahmin Protector, as a result of which Sahasrabahu was killed. The term Sahasram
is supposed to have been derived from Sahasrabahu and Parsuram. Another legend
connects the ROHTAS hill to Rohitashwa, son of Raja Harishchandra, a famous king
who was known for his piety and truthfulness.
The District of
ROHTAS formed a part of the Magadh Empire since 6th B.C. to 5TH
Century A.D. under the pre Mauryans. The minor rock edict of Emperor Ashok at
Chandan Sahid near Sasaram confirmed the Mauryans conquests of this district.
In the 7th Century A.D. This district came under the control of Harsha
rulers of Kannauj.